The quality of a health care system is derived from the integration of government policy, health care insurance, doctor- patient ratio, medical technology, medical facilities and more. Scoring high in each of these categories makes Israel a popular medical tourism destination.

At the 2000 study published by the World Health Organization (the WHO) Israel was ranked 28th best health care system in the world (the United States was ranked 37th). The "Highlights on health" published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe provides an overview of a country's health status. According to the report Israel is referenced Eur-A (with Andorra, Germany, France, Italy, Monaco, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and more) as one of the 27 countries with very low child mortality and very low adult mortality.

Public healthcare in Israel covers all from birth. The four health maintenance organizations provide the public a comprehensive medical package from ongoing medical treatment and diagnosis to oncology treatments, sophisticated life-saving surgeries and even IVF treatments.

The national health care system is mainly publicly financed and regulated by the government. The Ministry of Health is responsible for the health of the population and the effective functioning of the health care system.

Apart from the regulatory, policy-making and strategic planning and health technology assessment roles, the Israeli Ministry of Health also owns and operates a large number of the hospitals beds.

In 2009, Health system in transition published that "Critical components of the Israeli health system include a sophisticated public health effort run by the Ministry of Health, high-level primary care services provided by the health plans throughout the country, and highly sophisticated hospital care".

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